List of non-lichenized fungi from the Antarctic region

(Version 2.3.3; January 2010)

This compilation provides a check-list of the non-lichenized fungi from Antarctica that have been reported in the literature or deposited in major culture collections and herbaria. The list includes all macrofungi, filamentous forms and yeasts, together with some members of the Chromista (Straminipila) and Protozoa (Myxomycota) that have historically been considered as fungi.

This list excludes lichenised fungi, as these species have been extensively reported elsewhere.

Primary source data are from the libraries, collections and records held in the Biological Sciences Division at British Antarctic Survey and the Mycology Section, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Secondary data is from publicly available specimen and culture collections and further scientific literature.

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For further background on the list click here

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While citations and names included in this list are believed to be correct at the time of writing, users should check original references as the authors cannot guarantee that the list is free from errors.


Using the list

The list is arranged alphabetically by genus, with details of current names, general region of record and at least one numbered reference. Connected entries are linked, and so clicking on reference numbers or correct names will move to the reference citation or correct name details for that entry. The “back” button will return to the original point in the list. The list is constructed of a number of flat data files in order to minimise download times. These can be accessed either alphabetically from the grid below, or from an index of genera.

Where relevant information may be available from an established culture collection or herbarium, the links will move to the home page for that collection.

The list should be cited as Bridge et al. (2009) at this website

Alphabetical access

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O Pa-Pe Ph-Py R S T U V W X Y Z

Click on the above letters to display relevant entries.

To go to the index of genera included click here


The list is part of an ongoing determination of the fungal diversity of the Antarctic region, and this version includes details of names, synonyms, taxonomy and at least one reference to an available record, either as a bibliographic citation, or a culture collection/herbarium. Within these categories links are made between reported and current names, and all entries are bookmarked to individual references and citations. A details section is currently being developed to include hosts and substrates, this is very much a “work in progress” and is being regularly updated. Details on collection locations are also currently being added, and the information under region indicates at least whether the collection was from the Antarctic or sub-Antarctic , together with more information on location. These two fields will be expanded in the future.

To use the list click below

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The list is regularly corrected and updated – please direct any comments to Paul Bridge at BAS

Names and Synonyms

Names in the list have been entered as originally reported in the literature, and any minor typographic errors have been corrected. Where names have subsequently been changed through re-examination or nomenclatural changes, only limited information is given, together with a link to the reference that reported that name. Full details for the taxon are listed under the name considered current and can be seen by clicking on the indicated “current name”.

In cases where anamorph and teleomorph forms are known the primary entry is to the form as reported in the literature.

Some synonyms may be opinion based, or not universally accepted. In this list names, nomenclature and synonyms follow those provided in the Index fungorum or later print issues of the Index of Fungi.

In a small number of cases for yeast species there are discrepancies between the current name as listed in the Index fungorum, and the name listed as current in the CBS yeast database. In these cases the CBS name has been used.



The taxonomic position of each name is provided under two general categories:

1. Phylum and sub phylum categorisation

As = Ascomycetes

Ba = Basidiomycetes

Chr = Chromista

Chy = Chytridiomyceytes

My = Myxomycetes

Zy = Zygomycetes

2. Order or associated group for anamorphic fungi



Primary references are given as numbers in the text of the check-list and these are bookmarked to individual citations. For each species name there is at least one reference where that species (or synonym) has been cited. The references detail specific collections and isolations. In order to minimise duplication, historical reviews, and broader studies such as physiology have not been included unless they provide the only record for a species. As a result the check-list does not necessarily include all mentions of a particular species in the region, and simply indicates that the species has been identified from the region on at least one occasion. For the full list of references click here.

A bibliography of additional references relevant to the fungi of Antarctica is being compiled and will be added in the near future.



Details on host, substrate or associated organism are listed as given in associated publications. Specific references are given in brackets after entries. This section is not yet comprehensive and is currently being developed. Further detail and entries will be added in future.



Collection locations where available are given to sites or areas that are clearly identifiable in Antarctic gazeteers.

A and S are used to designate isolates and collections from the Antarctic and sub-Antarctic respectively. In this list the Antarctic is defined as peninsular and continental Antarctic, together with the islands of the Scotia Arc. The sub-Antarctic is defined as given by Pegler et al., as broadly the area within the Antarctic Polar Front (see map) and includes Macquarie and Kerguelen Islands.

As in Pegler et al this definition excludes a number of island considered as sub-Antarctic in other definitions, including Auckland, Campbell and Marion islands. The fungi of Auckland and Campbell islands have been extensively surveyed and details of these are given by McKenzie & Foggo (1989) and are available through the New Zealand Landcare Research web site.


External Links


Herbarium, British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, UK


American Type Culture Collection, Rockville, USA


Yeast data base, Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures, Utrecht, The Netherlands


Genetic Resource Collection & Herbarium, CABI Europe, Egham, UK


Index of Fungi ,


Herbarium, Mycology Section, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK


Lichenized fungi

In Antarctic studies the lichenized fungi have generally been considered separately from non-lichenized forms. We have maintained this separation in this list, and this also limits duplication as there are a number of lists and treatises available for Antarctic lichens. One of the most widely referenced publications on Antarctic lichens is Øvstedal D. O. & Lewis Smith R. I. (2001). Lichens of Antarctica and South Georgia. A Guide to their Identification and Ecology. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, and subsequent additions are included in Ovstedal, D. O. and R. I. Lewis Smith (2004). Additions and corrections to the Lichens of Antarctica and South Georgia. Cryptogamie Mycologie 25, 323-331.

A web-based check-list of lichens and lichinicolous fungi is also available at


Notes to table

Note 1: Candida torii was cited as sp. nov. in (20). Description was to form subsequent publication that has not been found. No culture or specimen found (January 2008).

Note 2: Uncertain if this species occurs in the Antarctic region. Included in some review/lists but original reference (29) suggests that the only record is from the extreme southern tip of Chile

Note 3: Paracoccidioides brasiliensis: Uncertain record as original reference (63) refers to work in S. America, and cites source of isolate as Penguin – origin Antarctica. Unclear as to whether this relates to an isolation made in the Antarctic, or to an isolation made in S. America

Note 4: A yeast was identified as Candida oleophila in (209) without any author citation. Candida oleophila Montrocher is a currently recognised species, whereas C. oleophila Kaisha & Iizuka is an invalid name that is currently considered as a synonym of Yarrowia lipolytica. In the absence of an author citation this record could equally be considered as Y. lipolytica.